Title: Medina Constitution: Exploration of Foundational Tenants for Multi Ethnic Business Community
Authors: (1) Reeza Bustami, (2) Reevany Bustami (USM), (3) Bustami Sharbani
Institution: (1) Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), (2) Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
Published at: Asian CSR and Sustainability Vol. 2 No. 1 November 2011
It is argued that one of the best models to a multi-ethnic and multi-religious state is the one shown by Prophet Muhammad (God’s peace and prayer be upon him) in Medina. In the year 622 A.D. the Prophet drafted the first ever constitution which united the population of Medina comprising twenty-two tribes and diverse religious groups of Muslims, Jews, and Pagans. Prior to the Prophet’s emigration to Medina, these people
were at logger heads with one another, waging wars which last for over a century. The aim of this paper is an attempt to explore the Medina Charter and draw out the requisite elements for ensuring peaceful and sustainable nation – a state which bears relevance to the Malaysian pluralistic economy. Subsequently, this paper posits possible applications of some of these elements into the multi-ethnic, multi-religious, multi-cultural globalizing business and professional community in Malaysia, as the nation aspire to be more at peace with itself and with others.
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